The exaltation of Allah in the hearts
Sheikh Saalih aal Taalib
September 18, 2009 ~ Ramadan 28, 1430
All praise be to Allah. All praise be to Allah. No praiser can encompass His praise. And the conveyances of praise cannot match up to His power. Glory be to Him, for no worshiper has worshiped Him as He ought to be worshiped, even if he spent his (entire) life devout to Allah, while bowing or prostrating.
All praise to Allah, Great in His Being, extensive in His rule, the Planner of the universe. In His kingdom, the celestial bodies glorify Him and around His throne, the angels glorify Him. “and there is not a thing but (that it) glorifies His praise” [Surah Israa: 44] For His Countenance is the splendor of Majesty and He is the Beautiful, the One who owns all beauty.
By Allah, if the oceans were ink and the seven heavens and earths were notebooks, they would not suffice in recording His Virtue and His bestowals and it will not convey the explanation of His Greatness and the Uniqueness of His actions.
Allah.. Noble of name, Exalted of description. The heavens and earth and whatever is in them praise Him, and the birds (too), folding in (their wings) and spreading (them). I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone, he has no partner: the most truthful of words that the lips (can) utter and the best sentence the mouths (can) say. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, the one who recognizes Allah truly, and relies on Him truthfully, worshiping and serving Him with humility. May Allah’s salutations be on him and his pure family and chosen companions and may Allah send much peace on him.
O Muslims: The piety of Allah the Exalted is the best advice and the best dress and the noblest attribute: “O you who believe! Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared. And die not except in a state of Islam with complete submission to Allah.” [Surah Ale Imraan: 102]. Whoever fears Allah, He will save him, and whoever betrays Him, He tears his covering and tests him. The disgrace of the one who stands at the door of anyone besides Allah is great. And the hopes of the one who hopes in the virtue of anyone besides Allah (will be) futile. And the one who works for other than Allah is wasting his actions.
(All) means are cut off except His means. He Allah is the One Who is feared and He Allah is the One on Whom hope is laid. And the people of the earth, the whole earth, – do not, by Allah – do not harm, do not benefit, do not disgrace and do not honour: “So know (O Muhammad ﷺ) that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows well your moving about, and your place of rest (in your homes).” [Surah Muhammad: 19]
O Muslims, O worshipers, O fasters, and standers (in prayer): While you are at the end of the month of Ramadan, surely your bodies have tired, and your nights have prolonged with worship, and the throats of the fasting are thirsty during the day and you are looking forward to the end. Then verily a creation of the creation of Allah, whose hearts are filled with recognition of Him and their souls overflow with exaltation of Him, they exert (in) good actions many times more than what you worship and they consider that they have done nothing.
And surely the prophet ﷺ informed that there is no space in the seven heavens a foot’s length or a hand span or a palm’s width which does not have an angel standing, bowing or prostrating on it. Then on the Day of Judgement, they will all say: Glory be to You, we have not worshiped You as You ought to be worshiped, except that we have not ascribed any partners with You.
O Muslims: The exaltation of Allah in the hearts, and venerating Him in the souls, and recognition of His bounties and favours and His Power as it ought to be is – by Allah – the provision of the worshipers, and the strength of the believers and the consolation of the patient ones, and it is the enclosure of the pious.
Who is it that recognizes Allah, then floats His commands or is negligent with His prohibitions, and who is the one that exaltates Him then prefers over Him his desires, and does not appreciate Him, becoming heedless. Allah (Glorified is He) is worshiped, praised and loved, because He is worthy of that and it is His right. Indeed it is what He (Glorified is He) deserves. The ability of the servants cannot attain Him, and their intellects cannot picture Him, therefore the creation who knows his Lord the most ﷺ said as in the authentic Hadeeth: “I cannot encompass Your praise. You are as You have praised Yourself.” And in the two authentic books (Bukhari and Muslim): “There is no one who loves praise more than Allah” and therefore He praises Himself.
O Muslims: Your Lord that you worship, and pray to and fast, and strive towards and serve is a Great Lord. He has majestic and complete qualities that are beyond description and imagination: “And say: ‘All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has not begotten a son, and Who has no partner in (His) dominion, nor is He low to have a protector. And magnify Him with all the magnificence.” [Surah Israa: 111]
There is no god but Allah, the Great. The celestial bodies praise Him and the angels submit to Him: “Whatever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Allah, and He is the All-Mighty, All-Wise. His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, it is He Who gives life and causes death, and He is able to do all things. He is the First (nothing is before Him), and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than Him), and He is the All Knower of everything.” [Surah Hadeed: 1-3]
Glorified is He and praised. How can the hearts not capture His love, while every good descends from Him, and every bounty is (due) to Him. From Him – Glorified is He – is giving and withholding, and trials and comfort, and restraining and extending, and justice and mercy, and pleasantness and kindness, and bounty and goodness, and concealment and pardon, and tolerance and patience, and answering supplication and lifting hardship and aiding anxiety. Indeed the expenses of the entire creation together are by Him.
And He is the most Generous of the generous. And surely He grants His servant more than he expects, before he (even) asks Him. He thanks for a little bit of actions and increases it, and He forgives a lot of sins and wipes it out. So how can the hearts not love the One Who is the only One Who brings goodness and the only One Who removes evil?
He answers supplications, and accepts slips, and forgives errors, and conceals faults, and lifts hardships. He is the most deserving of mention, and the most deserving of thanks, and the most deserving of worship and praise, and the most abundantly sought, and the most merciful of kings, and the most generous of those asked, and the most extensive of givers, and the most merciful of those from whom mercy is sought, and the most noble of purposes, and the most dear of those to whom are turned, and the most sufficient of those whom are dependent upon.
He is more merciful to His servant than a mother to her child, and more intensely happy with the repentance of the repenter than the joy of one who finds his camel after losing it and on it was his food and drink in a deserted land.
So Glorified is He and praised. He is the King. He has no partner, and He is alone and has no rivals: “And invoke not any other god along with Allah, none has the right to be worshiped but He. Everything will perish except His Face. His is the decision, and to Him you (all) shall be returned.” [Surah Qasas: 88]
He is not obeyed except by His Permission, and He is not disobeyed except with His Knowledge. He is obeyed, so He thanks, and He is disobeyed, then He pardons and forgives. He is the Closest Witness, and the Most Majestic Protector, and the most loyal with (regard to) promises, and the most Just, establishing with fairness. He comes between the souls, and He takes by the forelocks, and He writes the implications, and He reproduces the generations, so the hearts are conducive to Him, and the secrets are open to Him, and the unknown is exposed to Him, and everyone is compelled to Him. Faces are afflicted by the Light of His Countenance, and the intellects are incapable of comprehending His True Being. Through the light of His Countenance, darkness is brightened, and the earth and heavens are illuminated through Him, and all the creations are reformed by Him.
All critical matters are in His Hands and its returning is to Him, established on the throne of His Kingdom. No invisible is hidden from Him in the diameters of His Kingdom. The affairs of the servants and their needs and their deeds ascend to Him, so He – Glorified is He – commands what He wishes, then His command is carried out and His force overpowers. “Whosoever is in the heavens and on the earth begs of Him. Every day He has a matter to bring forth (such as giving honour to some, disgrace to some, life to some, death to some, etc.)!” [Surah Rahmaan: 29]
He forgives sins, and removes hardship, and lessens suffering, and consoles the afflicted, and helps the weak, and enriches the poor. He gives life after death, and makes happy and unhappy, and leads astray and guides, and He favours a nation and forbids His favours on others, and He honours nations and disgraces others: “He is Allah, than Whom none has the right to be worshipped but He, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Beneficent, Most Merciful. He is Allah, than Whom none has the right to be worshipped but He, the King, the Holy, the One free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the Almighty, the Compeller, the Supreme.” [Surah Hashr: 22-23]
For Him is absolute Power and complete Will. He spoke to Moses directly, and He manifested His Glory on the mount, thereby making it dust, crushed. And He is glory be to Him above His heavens, no hidden is concealed from Him. He hears and sees the crawl of the black ant on a solid rock on a dark night. He is not uncertain of the voices with the different languages and various needs, and not an atom moves in this universe except with His Permission. “And with Him are the keys of the hidden (ghaib), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record.” [Surah An’aam: 59] “Allah! None has the right to be worshiped but He, the Ever-Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep, overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth.” [Surah Baqarah: 255]
His veil is light. If He uncovers His Face, the splendour of His Face will burn (everything) until where His Sight ends. So if nothing can stand the splendours of His Exalted Face, then what do you think about the Majesty of that Noble Face, and its Beauty and Magnificence and Greatness and Glory. For this (reason) the greatest bounty of the people of paradise is the enjoyment of seeing His Noble Face – Majestic is His Majesty – and it is a great occasion where Allah’s Glory is manifested, and His Greatness and Beauty and Majesty.
O Muslims: And on another occasion (as) indicated in some verses of the Quraan and Ahadeeth from the Sunnah: Ibn Kathir (Rahimahullah) cites: that “when Israfeel blows into the trumpet a shocking blow, then the people of the heavens and the earth will die. And the angel of death will come and his Lord will ask him – and He knows (best) – Who remains? So he will say: You remain and You are Ever-Living and will not die, and the (angels) carriers of the throne remain, and Jibraeel, Mikaeel and Israfeel remain and I remain, so his Lord will command him to remove their souls. Then He will say – and He knows (best) – Who remains? And the angel of death will say: O Lord, You remain and You are Ever-Living and will not die, and I remain. So Allah (Exalted and Majestic) will say: You are a creation of My creation so die, so he will die.
So no one will remain except Allah, the One, the Irresistible – He is the Last, as He was the First – He will fold up the heavens and the earth (as) a scroll for writing is folded, then He will unroll them. Then He will say: I am the Mighty, I am the Mighty, I am the Mighty, three times. Then He will call out in His Voice: For Who is the Kingdom? For Who is the Kingdom? For Who is the Kingdom? Then He will answer Himself by Himself: For Allah, the One, the Irresistible.
Then Allah will change the earth into (something) other than the earth, and the heavens (too), then He will spread them out and flatten them, then He will stretch them, then Allah will restrain the entire creation and they will be in this changed earth, then Allah will grant life to the creation, then the people will stand together, one standing, the period of which is seventy years. He will not look at them and not judge between them until Muhammad – peace be upon him – intercedes for them.
And Ibn Kathir narrates with his chain: that the messenger of Allah Muhammad ﷺ said: “so I will return and I will stand with the people. While we are standing we will hear a loud sound from the sky, so we will be frightened. Then (a group of) men and jinn like those on the earth will descend from the sky of this world, until they approach the earth and the earth will light up with their light and they will take their positions and we will say to them: Is our Lord with You? They will say: No, but He is coming. Then from the second heaven (a group) will descend as descended before, of angels, jinn and men, until they approach the earth, it will light up with their light and they will take their positions and we will say to them: Is our Lord with you? So they will say: No, but He is coming. Then like this multitudes will descend from every heaven. Until the Almighty – Majestic is His Majesty – will descend, in a shade of clouds and angels. Eight (angels) will carry His throne on that day, their feet being in the edge of the earth, and the earth and heavens at their waists and the throne upon their shoulders. They will be humming in their praise (of Allah) saying: Glory be to the Possessor of the Throne and Might, Glory be to the Possessor of Kingdom and Royalty, Glory be to the One Who causes the creation to die while He does not die, the Praised, the Holy, Lord of the angels and Rooh (Jibraeel).”
O Muslims: Allah is the greatest in His Being and the Dearest King, but the sins that seize the heart veil the exaltation of the Lord in the souls and weaken His purpose in the hearts. And if the purpose of Allah and His Greatness is firmly seated in the heart of a servant, he will not dare to disobey Him ever, for verily the exaltation of Allah – the Exalted – and His Majesty in the heart necessitates veneration of His sacred limits and submitting to His laws, commands and prohibitions. And this exaltation comes between you and sins.
And the daring ones who disobey Allah, do not appreciate Allah as He ought to be appreciated. And a sufficient punishment for sins is that this exaltation weakens in the heart until the deserter – the sins – persist, so it becomes easy for Allah, then He removes his awe from the hearts of the creation and they (creation) belittle him as he belittles the command of Allah.
And surely Allah (the Exalted) has mentioned that He covers the hearts of those persistent on sins and seals them, and that He ignores them as they forgot Him, and He disgraces them and destroys them as they have neglected His commands. In this regard, He – Glorified is He – says in the verse of the creations prostrating to Him: “And whomsoever Allah disgraces, none can honour him.” [Surah Hajj: 18]
So to the extent of your fear of Allah, the creation is in awe of you, and to the extent of your exaltation of Allah, the creation reveres you, and to the extent of your love for Allah, the creation loves you. And verily trials are driven off by repentance, seeking forgiveness and submitting to the commands of Allah, the One, the Irresistible: “And all of you beg Allah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful.” [Surah Noor: 31]
May Allah bless me and you in the Great Quraan, and benefit us in what is in it of verses and wise reminders. I say these words of mine and I seek the forgiveness of Allah the Great for me and for you.
All praise be to Allah. All praise be to Allah with whose name all good actions are begun and with Whose praise (all good actions) are ended. And all praise be to Allah, the Pardoner, the Noble, the Most Generous. And I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone. He has no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger and the best of His creation and the chosen from amongst the rest of nations. May Allah’s salutations, peace and blessings be upon him, and on his family, companions, those who follow them and those who trace their path and adhere.
O Muslims: The days of your month are like ships setting sail, contained in the horizon, unseen at dusk and what remains is just one boat or two boats. The coast dries them and the waves draw them closer and it is on the verge of being swallowed by the open sea, so whoever rectifies himself in these two boats, then verily the journey would not have been missed, and whoever is late for it, then surely his courage had forbid him and his neglect had made him lose.
And there is still in your month fasts and numbered rak’aat and prostrations, and a few occasions in which supplications are sought. Then to Allah is the return, and at the doorsteps of His door is the promise, and Allah knows (best) whether we will meet in the next (Ramadan) or not.
O fasters: Verily from the guidance of the Sunnah and the features of goodness and kindness at the end of this Noble month is that which Allah (the Exalted) has ordained on the tongue of His messenger ﷺ regarding discharging the Fitr charity, for it is a purification for the fasting and a food for the poor and a bright representation of the virtues of this great Islam.. that Eid is for the rich and the poor and the haves and have nots, and as long as it is Eid, everyone should be joyous.
And the charity of Fitr is unanimously compulsory as Ibn Munthir, Baihaqiyy and others have related. And in the Hadeeth of Ibn Umar (Radiallahu Anhum) that the prophet ﷺ mandated the charity of Fitr, a Saa’ (type of measurement) of dates or a Saa’ of barley, on everyone, free or slave, male or female, of the Muslims. [Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim]
As for the foetus, it is not compulsory to discharge it for him, but that is preferred according to the action of the rightly-guided khalif, ‘Uthman bin Affaan (Radiallahu Anhu).
And it is stipulated in the authentic Ahadeeth that it (should be) dates or wheat or barley or dry cottage cheese or raisins or it is acceptable to discharge it from the staple food of the land, like rice and the like.
And the time of discharging the Fitr charity and the most preferred is on the Day of Eid before the prayer. And it is permissible to give it out 1 or 2 days before Eid. And it is not permissible to delay it until after the Eid prayer. So discharge it – may Allah have mercy on you – as a purification for yourselves, then rejoice with your Eid and thank Allah (the Exalted) for the completion (of Ramadan), and ask Him for acceptance and a good ending (death).
And surely from the guidance of the Sunnah that Allah (Exalted and Majestic) has legislated and that His messenger ﷺ has followed: The takbeer (declaration of the greatness of Allah) on the night of Eid and the morning of Eid. Allah (the Exalted) said in the verses of fasting: “(He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to magnify Him in that He has guided you, so that you may be grateful to Him.” [Surah Baqarah: 185]
And the way for a Muslim to say it is: “Allah is Great. Allah is Great. There is no god but Allah. Allah is Great. Allah is Great and for Allah is all praise.” Or like that, like saying: “Allah is Great, with all magnificence and for Allah is many praises.” And it is Sunnah for the men to say it aloud in houses and mosques and roads and markets.
And from the Sunnah is that a Muslim eats dates before leaving for the Eid prayer – 3 or 5 or 7 or more than that, an odd number as (mentioned) in Saheeh Bukhari.
And surely the prophet ﷺ commanded everyone to come out for the Eid prayer, even the old women, the menstruating women and the virgins. [Narrated by Muslim]
So congratulations O Muslims on your fast and rejoice for your Eid, and thank your Lord and be steadfast and have glad tidings. May Allah accept from us and from you, and return Ramadan to us and you in the best condition.
Then send salutations and peace on the guider, the giver of glad tidings, the lighted and illuminated, the servant of Allah and His messenger Muhammad. O Allah send salutations and peace on Your servant and messenger Muhammad and on his pure, good family and all his companions and on those who follow them and those who follow them until the Day of Judgement.
O Allah grant honour to Islam and the Muslims…