Applying the Law of Allah
Sheikh Hussain ale Sheikh
May 17, 2013 ~ Rajjab 7, 1434
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Praise be to Allah, the Owner of Greatness. I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship but Allah, alone with no partners, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful; and I bear witness that our Prophet and master Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, the master of all the children of Adnan. O Allah! Bestow Your prayers, peace and blessings on Muhammad, his household, and his Companions till the day of Judgement.
O Muslims, I advise you and myself to fear Allah, Exalted be He, Who says: “O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed achieved a great achievement.” [Surah al-Ahzab: 70-71].
O Muslims, today I will talk about one of the Honourable Prophet’s ﷺ great hadiths. It is a hadith that strongly warns us against the factors leading to corruption and mischief in Muslim countries and among Muslim people. Ibn ‘Umar (Radiallahu Anhum) said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to us and said, “O Muhajirun! There are five qualities that I seek refuge in Allah for you from being afflicted with: Fahisha (immorality) never appears among any people to the extent that they do it in public but they are stricken with the spread of plagues and aches that were not in their ancestors; no people decrease weights and measures but they are punished by drought, hard life, and oppression of rulers; no people withhold Zakah but they are denied rain, and were it not for their cattle, they would not have any rain at all; no people break the covenant of Allah and the covenant of His Messenger but Allah sends upon them an enemy that seizes some of their possessions; and no rulers fail to judge by the Book of Allah and choose from what Allah has revealed but Allah makes their enmity among themselves.” [Reported by Ibn Majah and other compilers and regarded as saheeh by Al-Hakim and Adh-Dhahabi, among a number of other scholars]
This hadith tells the Muslim nation (the Ummah) that the root of evil lies in turning away from the path of Allah and deviating from the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ. This is not surprising, for sins and acts of disobedience are the basis of all trials and evils and the cause of extreme poverty and ailments: “And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much.” [Surah ash-Shura: 30]
The deplorable conditions of today’s Muslims require us to consider three points in this hadith. First, we should know that the outbreak of fatal plagues and diseases that were not known before is due to the increase of viciousness, the spread of obscenity, the proliferation of vicious acts, lewdness, and immoralities such as zina (adultery and fornication), sodomy, and lesbianism, and the spread of means of committing such immoralities as well as propagating them through the various media. The Prophet ﷺ said, “Whenever acts of disobedience are done among any people who are more numerous and powerful than those who do them but they do not change them, Allah will soon punish them all.” [Regarded as Hadith Hassan by scholars]
The Prophet ﷺ also said, “My ummah remains safe unless children of zina spread in it. If children of zina spread among my people, Allah will soon punish them all.” [Regarded by ibn Hajar as Hadith Hassan; the meaning here is ‘the spread of zina’.] In ibn ‘Abbas’s version of the great hadith referred to earlier, the Prophet ﷺ said, “Fahisha (immorality) does not spread in a people but there is much death among them” [Regarded as Hadith Hassan by a number of scholars]
The second point is that related to earning unlawful money and laxity in this matter by unjustly devouring the properties of others. This is not confined to giving less in weights and measures when selling goods, but extends to all financial transactions, which should be based on justice and fairness, without depreciation or excess, reduction or decrease, cheating or fraud, or tricking or deception, in any form or manner whatsoever.
“And eat up not one another’s property unjustly.” [Surah al-Baqarah: 188]
Some of the worst forms of decreasing the rights of others (or tatfeef), which is the cause of such disasters, are the misappropriation of public money, the abuse of authority by embezzling the money owned by all Muslims, and profiteering through one’s posts in an illegal way, not to mention the various forms of bribery. If all these acts become widespread in the land of Muslims, they will lead to the appearance of evil and cause trials and hardships that will not only afflict sinners as individuals, but will affect the entire society as well.
Whenever people deviate from the Islamic rulings on earning money and turn away from the system stipulated by the Quran and the Sunnah in this respect, they lead a hard life and are afflicted by various kinds of harm, such as the drying of wells and the lack of rain, the increase of dust storms, the decrease of blessing, the high cost of living, and the spread of poverty, let alone the dissemination of oppression, injustice, and prejudice in Muslim countries. It is a punishment that fits the crime.
On the other hand, when people abide by the laws established by Allah and His Messenger ﷺ in their financial dealings, Allah makes for them a way out from each hardship and gives them provision from whence they could not imagine: “And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine.” [Surah at-Talaaq: 2-3]
In this connection, it is of relevance to refer to a common practice by some farm owners, which consists in selling fruits before they are fully ripe. In this way they fall into something that our master and beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ forbade us to do. He forbade the sale of fruits until they are ripe and the sale of the dates of palm trees until they are red or yellow and ready to eat.
The third point is that it is the duty of the Muslim state to apply the rules established by the Two Revelations (the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ) in all affairs and aspects of life. The Muslim people should also apply the rules of Islam in every matter, whether serious or simple. Only then can they enjoy safety, security, stability, and prosperity, and lead an affluent, happy life.
The more Muslims deviate from the path of Shari’a (Islamic Law), the more they are afflicted by calamities, disasters, and crises. Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, says: “But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Quran nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.” [Surah Taha: 124]
When Muslim countries deviate from applying the laws of Shari’a, in whole or in part, they are afflicted by crises, evils, and trials. The severe trials that some Muslim countries have undergone, including the destruction of animals and crops, bloodshed, rape, lack of security, and the bad consequences suffered by governments that have deviated from the way of Islam, are only the result of applying man-made laws and the failure to judge by what Allah has revealed. As a result, oppression and injustice have dominated on earth and spread among the people, and corruption has transgressed all boundaries. Hatred has flared up between the rulers and the ruled and the chasm between them has widened. People have lost the concept formulated by the Prophet ﷺ when he said, “The best of your rulers are those whom you love and who love you, whom you invoke Allah’s blessings upon and who invoke Allah’s blessings upon you. And the worst of your rulers are those whom you hate and who hate you, whom you curse and who curse you.” Therefore, judging according to the Shari’a is the road to security.
O wise people in the Muslim countries where revolutions broke out and governments were overthrown! Let your rule be based on the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ; otherwise you will not be able to eliminate corruption or bring about any reform. Without the application of Allah’s Shari’a, there will be endless evils and far-reaching disasters, because Allah will then make your enmity among yourselves, as shown by the great hadith we are talking about: “… and no rulers fail to judge by the Book of Allah and choose from what Allah has revealed but Allah makes their enmity among themselves.”
In another hadith, the Prophet ﷺ said, “… and no people fail to judge by what Allah has revealed but poverty prevails among them.” The Muslim world is actually afflicted by these two punishments: poverty, unemployment, and other financial disasters; and the presence of enmity among Muslims.
O believers! All of this is the result of turning away from the straight path of the Quran. O Muslims! Why do you not judge by the Book of Allah? Why do you not adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ? Has Allah not taken a covenant from you to adhere to His book and to be guided by the Sunnah of His Messenger ﷺ? Why then do you turn left and right? In this way, you will bring to your countries disasters, evils and corruption that none but Allah knows of. So hold fast to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger ﷺ, and you will ensure safety and gain rewards.
Followers of Islam, by adhering to Islam, you can achieve unity, strength, happiness, and prosperity. If you turn away from Islam and its rulings, you will become divided, disunited, with conflicting allegiances, policies, and interests; you will be afflicted by conflict and controversy, hatred and enmity, and then fighting and war. As one poet put it:
They are fighting over the remnants of a date;
That is why daggers and spears are raised!
O People of Islam! It is time to put an end to your conflicts and disputes, as the Quran is being recited among you. It is time to stop discord and fighting, as the Sunnah of the infallible Prophet ﷺ is perfectly clear to you. “Who is better in judgment than Allah for a people who have firm Faith.” [Surah al-Maidah:50] “(And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.” [Surah an-Nisaa: 59]
As for you, people of the countries that Allah has endowed with the grace of applying the Islamic Shari’a and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, you should maintain this grace and thank Allah for it. Never divert from this great path by turning right or left. For Allah will never change a grace which He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in their own selves.
May Allah bless you and me with the Quran and make us benefit from its verses and wise words and clear guidance. I have said what you have heard, and I ask forgiveness of Allah for myself, for you, and for all Muslims, for any sin we have committed. Ask Allah for forgiveness; He is the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful.
I praise my Lord and thank Him. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone, Who has no partners, and I bear witness that our Prophet, Muhammad, is his servant and messenger. May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, his household, and his Companions.
O Muslims, it is generally agreed among the world experts that Muslim countries are the richest in the world in their natural resources and inner or outer wealth and that they occupy the most distinguished geographical locations. However, many of these Muslim countries are classified as poor countries, not to mention the spread of poverty and unemployment in them. Reports confirm that many Muslims live below the poverty line.
How can this be explained? The main reason behind this lies in discarding the rule of Islam, which was revealed in the Quran as part of a comprehensive system of life. The Prophet ﷺ said, “… and no rulers fail to judge by what Allah has revealed but poverty prevails among them.”
Let it be known to those who call for introducing the principles of Western economy, which contradicts the Quranic system, into Islamic economy that they are leading Muslims into an abyss of evil, misfortunes, poverty, and calamities whose consequences are known to none but Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He. One of the serious trials and widespread evils that the Muslim nation has been afflicted by for decades is that some people have been dazzled by fake civilizations and have been trying to undermine some of the rulings of Islam. There are others who have regarded Islam as a system of worship rather than a system of legislation and a way of life.
Such people have led the Muslim nation to weakness, deterioration, and loss, and have caused it to lag behind other nations. We should confront the ideas of such people. There must be cooperation among all Muslims to stop them and to subject them to the rulings of Islam so that the Muslim nation may survive and be safe.
Allah has ordered us to confer blessings and peace upon the generous Prophet. O Allah, send your prayers on Muhammad, and the household of Muhammad as you have sent them upon Ibrahim, and send your blessings on Muhammad and the household of Muhammad, as you have sent them on Ibrahim and the household of Ibrahim; You are All-Praiseworthy and All-Glorious.
O Allah, grant power and glory to Islam and Muslims. O Allah, grant power and glory to Islam and Muslims. O Allah, make better our conditions as well as the conditions of all Muslims. O Allah, make better our conditions and the conditions of all Muslims by leading us to adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ. O Allah, gladden our hearts with the application of Islamic Shari’a in all Muslim countries. O Allah, gladden our hearts with the application of Islamic Shari’a in all Muslim countries.
O Allah, make the best among Muslims the ones that rule them. O Allah, make the best among Muslims the ones that rule them. O Allah, make the best among Muslims the ones that rule them. O Allah, we ask You to protect Muslims by Your Might from the wicked. O Allah, protect Muslims from the wicked. O Allah, protect Muslims from the wicked. O Allah, do not make the transgressors rule over Muslims. O Allah, do not make the transgressors rule over Muslims. O Allah, do not make the transgressors and the wicked rule over Muslims. O You, the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsisting, the Owner of Glory and Generosity!
O Allah, guide our ruler to what you love and accept. O Allah, lead him to guidance and make him a source of guidance to others. O Allah, help him to stop the foolish. O Allah, make him a thorn on the side of those who harbour evil against Islam and Muslims, O You, the Ever-Living and the Self-Subsisting.
O Allah, forgive our sins and the sins of all Muslims, men and women. O Allah, forgive the sins of all believers, men and women, either dead or alive.
“O Allah, give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire.” [Surah al-Baqarah: 201]
Servants of Allah, Remember Allah much and praise and glorify Him morning and evening.
Translated by Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University.