عظمة القرآن الكريم

The Greatness of the Noble Qur’an

Sheikh ‘Ali al Hudhaify

June 7, 2013 ~ Rajjab 28, 1434   

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First Khutbah

Praise be to Allah, “Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur’an) to His slave that he may be a warner to the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns). He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Who has begotten no son and for Whom there is no partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements.” [Surah al-Furqan:1-2]

I praise my Lord and thank Him profusely. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone, Who has no partner. He has encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge. Verily, He is All-Knowing, All-Omnipotent. I also bear witness that our Prophet and master Muhammad is His servant and Messenger whom Allah has sent before the Hour comes as a witness, a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner; and as one who invites to Allah by His leave and as a lamp spreading light. O Allah! Confer bountiful peace and blessings upon Your servant and Messenger Muhammad, his household, and his Companions.

O Muslims, Fear Allah as He should be feared, and you will be among the successful. Do not neglect the commands of Allah, as those who are deprived of piety are among the losers.

Servants of Allah, Remember that the Noble Qur’an is a favour sent to you by Allah, Who has made it a mercy to the worlds. It is a book that guides to what is most just and right, bears glad tidings of all that is good, and warns against all evil. Allah, Exalted be He, says: “O mankind! There has come to you good advice from your Lord, and a healing for that in your breasts – guidance and a mercy for the believers.” [Surah Yunus: 57] Allah, Glorified be He, also says: “And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).” [Surah al-Anbiyaa: 107]

If the Muslim is aware of the greatness and virtues of this Great Qur’an, which only Allah, Who has revealed it, encompasses with His knowledge, he will pay greater attention to this Glorified Book and Wise Reminder and will exert all his efforts and subdue all his energy to learn and teach it, reflect on it, and act according to it, as much as Allah guides and helps him.

Whatever the Muslim does to perform his duties towards the Qur’an and properly thank Allah, Might and Majesty be to Him, for the favours of revealing His book, and whatever he does to fulfill the duties of worshiping Allah, Exalted be He, his deeds will remain lacking and far from complete. But Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, grants His servants His mercy and grace, accepts their little deeds, and rewards them in abundance.

O Muslim! Are you fully aware of the greatness of the Noble Qur’an and its status in your heart? Have you realized its virtues, goodness, blessings, and benefits? You, Muslim, will never know the true greatness and elevated status of the Qur’an unless you know how Allah, Might and Majesty be to Him, has honoured and praised His book and raised its ranks, how the noble angels highly esteemed it, and how the prophets and their nations, the people of the scriptures, and the humans and jinns realized its virtues; and Allah is Sufficient as a Witness.

O Muslims, The Lord of Might and Majesty has honoured the Noble Qur’an, raised it to the high rank that it deserves, and praised it with its due beautiful attributes. Allah has mentioned this Great Book so frequently that it has come to occupy the most precious status. He has used the best attributes and the loftiest words to describe it so that people may realize its greatness and appreciate the favour of Allah, Who has revealed His words to people. The greatest favours are the belief in Allah and the Qur’an. The virtue of the words of Allah over other words stems from the superiority of Allah, Exalted be He, over His creatures.

Allah has described the Noble Qur’an as “the truth”. Allah, Exalted be He, says: “Or say they: “He has fabricated it?” Nay, it is the truth from your Lord . . . ” [ Surah as-Sajdah: 3]

Truth is that which is constant and unchanging and which cannot be refuted. It has no flaws and is never marred by any falsity. Allah, Glorified be He, says: “And verily, it is an honourable respected Book (because it is Allah’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption, etc.). Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it; (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise.” [Surah Fussilat: 41-42]

In describing the Qur’an, Allah, Glorified be He, says: “A Book, the Verses whereof are perfected, and then explained in detail from One (Allah), Who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted. [Surah Hud: 1]

Allah, Glorified be He, also says: “Certainly, We have brought to them a Book which We have explained in detail with knowledge. [Surah al-A’raf: 52]

Allah, Glorified be He, says: “. . . These are the Verses of the Book Al-Hakim.” [Surah Yunus: 1].

Allah, Might and Majesty be to Him, says: “Nay! This is a Glorious Qur’an.” [Surah al-Buruj: 21]

Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, also says: “This (Qur’an) is guidance. . .” [Surah al-Jathiyah: 11]

Allah, Glorified be He, also says: “Therefore, believe in Allah and His Messenger, and in the Light (this Qur’an) which We have sent down . . .” [Surah at-Taghabun: 8]

Allah, Might and Majesty be to Him, says: “And this is a blessed Book which We have sent down . . .[Surah al-An’am: 92]

Allah, Might and Majesty be to Him, says: “And Verily, it is in the Mother of the Book, before Us, indeed Exalted, full of Wisdom.” [Surah az-Zukhruf: 4]

Allah has explained everything in detail in the Qur’an. He, Might and Majesty be to Him, says: “And We have sent down to you the Book as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves.” [Surah an-Nahl: 89]

Allah has preserved it from any addition or omission. He, Might and Majesty be to Him, says: “Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).” [Surah al-Hijr: 9]

The large number of great names and attributes of the Qur’an shows the multiplicity and diversity of its sublime meanings. All that we have mentioned is but a drop in the ocean.

The noble angels honour this Qur’an because they know its virtues. Allah, Might and Majesty be to Him, says: “But Allah bears witness to that which He has sent down (the Qur’an) unto you, He has sent it down with His Knowledge, and the angels bear witness. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Witness.” [Surah an-Nisaa: 166].

Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, says of this Qur’an: “In honoured sheets, Exalted and purified, In the hands of scribes.” [Surah ‘Abasa: 13-15].

Commentators on the meanings of the Qur’an say that these scribes “are angels”. It was narrated by Aisha (Radiallahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur’an will be with the honourable and obedient scribes (angels)” [Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

With regard to honouring the Glorious Qur’an by the Prophets, peace be upon them, and their nations that believed them, Allah says: “And verily, it (the Qur’an, and its revelation to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) is (announced) in the Scriptures of former people.” [Surah ash-Shu’ara: 196]

In his commentary on this verse, ibn Katheer (Rahimahullah) said, There is reference to this Qur’an in the scriptures of former people that recorded what was said by their prophets, who gave glad tidings of it in ancient and later times, as Allah took the covenant from them on that. Allah, Glorified be He, also says: “Say: “Tell me! If this (Qur’an) is from Allah, and you deny it, and a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies that this Qur’an is from Allah, so he believed (embraced Islam) while you are too proud (to believe). [Surah al-Ahqaf: 10]

Allah, Glorified be He, also says: Say:Believe in it (the Qur’an) or do not believe (in it). Verily! Those who were given knowledge before it, when it is recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble prostration. And they say: “Glory be to our Lord! Truly, the Promise of our Lord must be fulfilled. And they fall down on their faces weeping and it adds to their humility.” [Surah al-Israa: 107-109]

Of the priests and monks who submit to the truth, Allah, Exalted be He, says: “And when they (who call themselves Christians) listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of the truth they have recognized. They say: “Our Lord! We believe; so write us down among the witnesses”.” [Surah al-Ma’idah: 83]

When the jinns heard the Qur’an they believed in it, honoured it, and called their fellows to it. Allah, Glorified be He, says: “. . . when they stood in the presence thereof, they said: “Listen in silence!” And when it was finished, they returned to their people, as warners. They said: “O our people! Verily! We have heard a Book sent down after Musa, confirming what came before it, it guides to the truth and to a Straight Path. [Surah al-Ahqaf: 29-30].

Allah has revealed surah Al-Jinn in this respect.

Never has the Messenger of Allah ﷺ recited the Qur’an to any person who was free from arrogance, whims, envy and was not lured by the ornament of this world and its offerings but he embraced Islam on the spot and embodied a miracle among people. This is only due to the Qur’an’s power over the heart and to its strong impact on the soul.

O Muslim! If you become fully aware of the greatness of this Qur’an and its dignified status for the Lord of the Worlds, Who revealed it, for the angels, for the prophets and their nations, for the people of the scriptures who believed in the Truth, for the Companions, and for the jinns, then you will know the status of the Qur’an in your heart. This is something that you Muslim are quite aware of.

If the Qur’an has an honoured and dignified status in your heart, as befitting this Book, and as Allah loves and accepts, then thank Allah, Glorified be He, for this blessing, and ask Allah, Exalted be He, to make you stand firm on glorifying the Glorious Qur’an and to act in accordance with its teachings. If you fail to give the Qur’an its due honour and if its stature in your heart is less than what befits it, then turn to Allah in repentance and try to compensate for the deficiencies you have had and the time you have wasted.

All the good things and blessings that you now have, all the acts of obedience you perform in this worldly life, and all the delights of Paradise that you will enjoy in the Afterlife, are due to the Qur’an. Therefore, give the Qur’an its due honour and act in accordance with what befits it.

Allah supported the master of all people, Muhammad ﷺ, with many miracles that would lead most people to believe in Allah, but the greatest miracle of the Prophet ﷺ is the Glorious Qur’an, as the Prophet ﷺ said, “Allah sent no prophet but He gave him miracles (for people to believe in Allah), but what I have been given, is Divine Inspiration which Allah has revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will outnumber the followers of the other prophets” [Reported by Al-Bukhari from a hadith narrated by Abu-Hurairah (Radiallahu Anhu)]

The Glorious Qur’an is the greatest miracle of all times, and it will remain so until the Day of Resurrection, until the end of time. The miracle of the Qur’an lies in its structure and rhetoric, in its legislations and the comprehensiveness of its rulings, in its justice, mercy and wisdom, in its fulfillment of all human needs, in its eternal survival without any addition or omission, and in its great impact on the hearts.

Both humans and Jinns have failed to produce a book comparable to it or to ten of its verses. Allah, Exalted be He, says: Say: “If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” [Surah al-Israa: 88]

They even failed to produce one surah like those of the Qur’an. Surah Al-Kawthar, though consisting only of ten verses, was a challenge to them. When the disbelievers asked for material miracles, Allah told them that the Qur’an is the greatest of all miracles. Allah, Blessed and Exalted be He, says: And they say: “Why are not signs sent down to him from his Lord? Say: “The signs are only with Allah, and I am only a plain warner.” Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) which is recited to them? Verily, herein is mercy and a reminder (or an admonition) for a people who believe. Say: “Sufficient is Allah for a witness between me and you. He knows what is in the heavens and on earth.” And those who believe in Bâtil, and disbelieve in Allah and (in His Oneness), it is they who are the losers.” [Surah al-‘Ankaboot: 50-51]

Allah, Glorified be He, also says: “In what message after this will they then believe?” [Surah al-A‘raf: 185]

The Noble Qur’an addresses the human mind at all times and in all places using arguments and proofs which the mind would accept and submit to. Man will thus willingly comply with the truth, and he will grow to love good and truth and abhor evil and falsehood. Otherwise, he may choose to turn back in all stubbornness and arrogance after truth and falsehood have been made clear to him in the Qur’an, and after all evidence has been shown against him, but he will thus harm none but himself.

The Noble Qur’an uses all effective means to guide competent humans and jinns, which the human mind may fail to understand. Allah, Exalted be He, says: “Verily, this Qur’an guides to that which is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward.” [Surah al-Israa: 9]

The Glorious Qur’an provides the greatest benefit to those who are legally competent to observe the precepts of religion. It reforms society, spreads mercy and justice, sets the hearts right, brings forth good things, and keeps away evil and calamities so long as the competent Muslims regularly recite it, reflect upon its meanings, act in accordance with its teachings, and learn and teach it to their children and their community.

Such was the habit of the Companions (Radiallahu Anhum) who taught different nations the Qur’an, in implementation of the will of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Umar (Radiallahu Anhu) ordered the governors he nominated and the Companions in different countries to teach people the Qur’an, and to teach the Prophet’s hadiths to a lesser degree “so that people may not be distracted from the Qur’an”, as he said.

The Qur’an guided the life of the Companions, made their power and glory, and settled their disputes. There had never been a single issue, whether minor or major, but they found its ruling in the Qur’an. It enlightened their life and was their guide to every virtue. The Ummah cannot be set right except if it follows their path and traditions; it is the Qur’an that protects us from trials, unifies our hearts, and solves our complicated problems.

It was narrated by Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Indeed there will be sedition.” “What is the way out of it, O Messenger of Allah?” I asked.  He said: “Allah’s book. In it is news for what happened before you, and information about what comes after you, and judgement for what happens among you. It is the Criterion without jest. Whoever among the oppressive abandons it, Allah crushes him, and whoever seeks guidance from other than it, then Allah leaves him to stray. It is the firm rope of Allah, it is the wise reminder, and it is the straight path. It is the Book that whims and desires cannot distort and tongues cannot twist. Scholars never tire of it. It never becomes dull from reciting it much, and its wonders never end.  It is the one that when the jinns heard it, they did not hesitate to say about it,Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur’an)! It guides to the Right Path’.  [Al-Jinn: 1-2] Whoever speaks according to it has said the truth; whoever acts according to is rewarded;  whoever judges by it has judged justly; and whoever calls to it guides to the straight path” [Reported by At-Tirmidhi]

If the competent Muslims paid as much attention to the Qur’an as the righteous predecessors did, regarding learning, teaching, and applying it, the Muslims today would be in the best status. They would achieve glory that would give them delight and grieve their enemy. Never have Muslims neglected learning, teaching, reciting, applying, and caring for the Qur’an but their conditions have deteriorated. Allah, Glorified be He, made reciting the Qur’an an act of worship. The Prophet ﷺ said, “Whoever reads a letter of the Qur’an will be rewarded by ten good deeds for each letter” [Reported by At-Tirmidhi from the hadith of ibn Mas’ud, (Radiallahu Anhu)]

It was narrated by ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Anhu) that a man said to the Prophet ﷺ: “O Messenger of Allah! What is the deed that is most beloved to Allah?” He said, “To do like an arriving and departing man”. He asked, “And what does an arriving and departing man do?” He said, “He recites the Qur’an from beginning to end. No sooner does he reach the end than he starts reciting it anew” [Reported by At-Tirmidhi]

This reward is granted to whoever recites the Qur’an from memory or from a copy of the Qur’an. Allah, Exalted be He, says: “Verily, those who recite the Book of Allah, and perform As-Salat, and spend out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a trade- gain that will never perish. That He may pay them their wages in full, and give them more, out of His Grace. Verily! He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate.” [Surah Fatir: 29-30]

May Allah bless you and me with the Great Qur’an and make us benefit from its verses and wise words. I have said what you have heard and I ask forgiveness of Allah for myself, for you, and for all Muslims. Ask Allah for forgiveness for every sin you have committed.

Second Khutbah

Praise be to Allah, the All-Mighty and the Bestower, Who sent down the Book. I praise my Lord, thank Him, turn to Him in repentance and I ask Him for forgiveness. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone, Who has no partner, the Merciful and the Oft- Forgiving, and I bear witness that our Prophet and master Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, the intercessor whose intercession is accepted on the Day of Judgment. O Allah! Send Your peace, blessings and prayers upon Your servant and Messenger, Muhammad, his virtuous household, and his righteous Companions, the followers of the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

O Muslims, Fear Allah by drawing nearer to Him through your good deeds and by avoiding evil deeds.

O Muslims, The Prophet’s ﷺ last will in the Farewell Pilgrimage called upon Muslims to adhere to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger ﷺ. In this great gathering of Muslims, the Prophet ﷺ said, “Indeed, I am leaving among you that which if you hold fast to them, you shall not be misguided after me. They are the Book of Allah and my Sunnah”. The Qur’an is the firm rope of Allah, and whoever adheres to it will be guided to attain the pleasure of Allah, the delights of Paradise, and all goodness, and will be kept away from all evils and calamities. Allah, Exalted be He, says: And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves.” [Surah Ale Imran: 103]

Allah, Glorified be He, also says: “And this is a blessed Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allah (i.e. do not disobey His Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. saved from the torment of Hell).” [Surah al-An’am: 155]

Moreover, he who wants his Lord to talk to him should read His Book.

Servants of Allah, “Allah sends His salutations upon the Prophet and also His angels (ask Allah to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your salutations upon him and salute him with the Islamic way of greeting.” [Surah al-Ahzab: 56]

The Prophet ﷺ said, “If a person asks Allah to send blessings upon me once, Allah will send blessings upon him ten times over.” Therefore, invoke blessings on the master of those who preceded us and those who are yet to come, and the Imam of Messengers.

O Allah! Bestow Your peace upon Muhammad and his household, as You bestowed Your peace on Ibrahim and his household, You are Praise-Worthy and Glorious. O Allah! Bestow Your blessings upon Muhammad and his household, as You bestowed Your blessings on Ibrahim and his household, You are Praise-Worthy and Glorious.

O Allah! Be pleased with all the Companions. O Allah! Be pleased with the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and Imams, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali, along with all the Companions of Your Prophet, their contemporaries who followed them, and those who follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment. O Allah! Be pleased with us together with them, by Your grace and mercy, You are the Most Merciful of all the merciful!

O Allah! Grant power and glory to Islam and Muslims, and subdue disbelief and disbelievers. O Allah! Grant victory to Your religion, Your Book, and the Sunnah of Your Prophet, You Lord of the Worlds!

O Allah! Grant victory to our Muslim brothers. O Allah! Grant victory to the believers. O Allah! Grant victory to Muslims everywhere. O Allah! Grant victory to Muslims everywhere. O Allah! Forgive us and forgive them, O Lord of the Worlds! You are the Powerful over all things!

O Allah! Grant victory to the Muslims in Syria. O Allah! Grant victory to the Muslims in Syria. O Allah! None can help them but You, O Lord of the Worlds! O Allah! Grant victory to them over those who have oppressed them. O Allah! Take revenge on their aggressors, their oppressors, and supporters of their oppressors, O Lord of the Worlds!

O Allah! Take revenge on them; for they are not beyond Your power. O Allah! Send Your wrath upon them and make us see the wonders of Your Power afflicting them. O Allah! Make them an example of disgrace and punishment for those who will come after them, sooner not later, You are Powerful over all things!

O Allah! We have no hope but in You, O the Most Merciful of all the merciful! O Allah! Grant us safety in our homelands and make good our rulers.

O Allah! Guide our ruler, the Custodian of the Two Holy Shrines, to do what You accept and love. O Allah! Guide him to the right path and let him do what pleases You. O Allah! Support him and guide him to do what is good for his people, his citizens, his country, and all Muslims, O Lord of the Worlds! You are Powerful over all things. O Allah! Grant him good health; You are Powerful over all things!

O Allah! Guide his two deputies to what You accept and love. O Allah! Lead them to Your guidance, make their deeds pleasing to You, and help them to do all that is good for their country and for all Muslims, O Lord of the Worlds! You are Powerful over all things!

O Allah! We ask you to make good our affairs. O Allah! Make good our affairs, O Living, O Sustainer! We appeal to Your Mercy! Make good all our affairs. O Allah! Grant us enough of what You make lawful so that we may dispense with what You make unlawful, grant us enough obedience to You so that we may not disobey You, and enable us by Your Grace to dispense with all but You, O Lord of the Worlds!

O Allah! Forgive us our sins and the excess we have committed in our affairs. O Allah! Forgive us our sins, O the Most Merciful of all the merciful!

O Allah! Protect us, and our offspring from the outcast Satan, his offspring, and his devils. O Lord of the Worlds! You are Powerful over all things.

O Allah! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire.

O Allah! Do not leave us for ourselves for the blink of an eye.

O Allah! We ask You, Owner of Majesty and Honour, to forgive the sins of our dead and the dead of all Muslims. O Allah! Forgive the sins of our dead and the dead of all Muslims, O Lord of the Worlds!

Servants of Allah, “Verily, Allah enjoins justice and kindness, and giving (help) to kith and kin, and forbids all types of lewd acts, and all kinds of oppression. He admonishes you, that you may take heed. And fulfil the Covenant of Allah (Bai’a: pledge for Islam) when you have covenanted, and break not the oaths after you have confirmed them, and indeed you have appointed Allah your surety. Verily! Allah knows what you do.” [Surah an-Nahl: 90-91]

Remember Allah, the Great, the Sublime, and He will remember you. Thank Him for His favours and He will give you more. Verily, remembrance of Allah is greater, and Allah knows what you do.‎

Translated by Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University.

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